Incidence, Predictors, and In-Hospital Outcomes of Transcatheter Aortic Valve Implantation After Nonelective Admission in Comparison With Elective Admission: From the Nationwide Inpatient Sample Database
Ando T, Adegbala O, Villablanca P, Akintoye E, Ashraf S, Shokr M, Briasoulis A, Takagi H, Grines CL, Afonso L, Schreiber T. Incidence, Predictors, and In-Hospital Outcomes of Transcatheter Aortic Valve Implantation After Nonelective Admission in Comparison With Elective Admission: From the Nationwide Inpatient Sample Database. Am J Cardiol 2019; 123(1):100-107.
Am J Cardiol
Candidates for transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI) are generally older with multiple co-morbidities and are therefore susceptible to nonelective admissions before scheduled TAVI. Frequency, predictors, and outcomes of TAVI after nonelective admission are under-explored. We queried the Nationwide Inpatient Sample database, an administrative database, from January 2012 to September 2015 to identify hospitalization in those age >/=50 who had transarterial TAVI. A propensity-matched cohort was created to compare the outcomes between nonelective and elective admission who had TAVI. The primary outcome was in-hospital mortality. A total of 9,521 TAVI admissions were identified during the study period. Of these admissions, 22.3% were nonelective admissions. Pulmonary circulation disorders (adjusted odds ratio [aOR] 1.38), anemia (aOR 1.54), congestive heart failure (aOR 1.37), chronic kidney disease (aOR 1.28; all p <0.001), and atrial fibrillation (aOR 1.17, p=0.006) were independent risk factors for nonelective admission. In a propensity-matched cohort (1,683 admissions in each cohort), in-hospital mortality was similar (4.0% vs 2.8%, p=0.052). Nonelective admissions had higher rates of acute myocardial infarction (5.2% vs 0.7%), fatal arrhythmia (9.4% vs 6.0%), acute kidney injury (25.9% vs 17.1%), respiratory failure requiring intubation (0.26% vs 0.19%), cardiogenic shock (5.1% vs 2.1%; all p <0.001), and bleeding requiring transfusion (13.1% vs 10.1%, p=0.006) during the index-hospitalization. Hospital length of stay (11.4 days vs 6.5 days, p <0.001) and hospital cost ($68,669 vs $57,442, p <0.001) were both increased in nonelective admissions. Nonelective admission accounted for approximately one-fifth of total TAVI with significantly different cohort profiles. Our results suggest that nonelective TAVI has higher adverse outcomes and increased health resource utilization. Expedition in TAVI process in high-risk cohorts may result in better outcomes.