Use of the Limited Antegrade Subintimal Tracking Technique in Chronic Total Occlusion Percutaneous Coronary Intervention
Karacsonyi J, Kostantinis S, Simsek B, Alaswad K, Karmpaliotis D, Kirtane A, Jaffer F, Choi JW, Koutouzis M, Tsiafoutis I, Kandzari DE, Poommipanit P, Khatri JJ, Elbarouni B, Gorgulu S, ElGuindy A, Abi Rafeh N, Goktekin O, Ungi I, Rangan BV, Sandoval Y, Allana S, Burke MN, and Brilakis ES. Use of the Limited Antegrade Subintimal Tracking Technique in Chronic Total Occlusion Percutaneous Coronary Intervention. JACC Cardiovasc Interv 2022; 15(22):2284-2293.
JACC Cardiovasc Interv
BACKGROUND: There are limited data on the limited antegrade subintimal tracking (LAST) technique for chronic total occlusion (CTO) percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI).
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to analyze the frequency of use and outcomes of the LAST technique for CTO PCI.
METHODS: We analyzed 2,177 CTO PCIs performed using antegrade dissection and re-entry (ADR) in the PROGRESS-CTO (Prospective Global Registry for the Study of Chronic Total Occlusion Intervention) registry between 2012 and January 2022 at 39 centers. ADR was attempted in 1,465 cases (67.3%).
RESULTS: Among antegrade re-entry cases, LAST was used in 163 (11.1%) (primary LAST in 127 [8.7%] and secondary LAST [LAST after other ADR approaches failed] in 36 [2.5%]), the Stingray system (Boston Scientific) in 980 (66.9%), subintimal tracking and re-entry in 387 (26.4%), and contrast-guided subintimal tracking and re-entry in 29 (2.0%). The mean patient age was 65.2 ± 10 years, and 85.8% were men. There was no significant difference in technical (71.8% vs 77.8%; P = 0.080) and procedural (69.9% vs 75.3%; P = 0.127) success and major cardiac adverse events (1.84% vs 3.53%; P = 0.254) between LAST and non-LAST cases. However, on multivariable analysis, the use of LAST was associated with lower procedural success (OR: 0.61; 95% CI: 0.41-0.91). Primary LAST was associated with higher technical (76.4% vs 55.6%; P = 0.014) and procedural (75.6% vs 50.0%; P = 0.003) success and similar major adverse cardiac event (1.57% vs 2.78%; P = 0.636) rates compared with secondary LAST.
CONCLUSIONS: LAST was used in 11.1% of antegrade re-entry CTO PCI cases and was associated with lower procedural success on multivariable analysis, suggesting a limited role of LAST in contemporary CTO PCI.
Medical Subject Headings
Male; Humans; Middle Aged; Aged; Female; Percutaneous Coronary Intervention; Coronary Occlusion; Prospective Studies; Treatment Outcome; Registries