Predictors of Hospital Cost After Transcatheter Aortic Valve Implantation in the United States: From the Nationwide Inpatient Sample Database.

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Am J Cardiol


We aimed to identify risk factors of high hospitalization cost after transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI). TAVI expenditure is generally higher compared with surgical aortic valve replacement. We queried the Nationwide Inpatient Sample database from January 2011 to September 2015 to identify those who underwent endovascular TAVI. Estimated cost of hospitalization was calculated by merging the Nationwide Inpatient Sample database with cost-to-charge ratios available from the Healthcare Cost and Utilization Project. Patients were divided into quartiles (lowest, medium, high, and highest) according to the hospitalization cost, and multivariable regression analysis was performed to identify patient characteristics and periprocedural complications associated with the highest cost group. A total of 9,601 TAVI hospitalizations were identified. Median in-hospital costs of the highest and lowest groups were $82,068 and $33,966, respectively. Patients in the highest cost group were older and more likely women compared with the lowest cost group. Complication rates (68.4% vs 22.5%) and length of stay (median 10 days vs 3 days) were both approximately 3 times higher and longer, respectively, in the highest cost group. Co-morbidities such as heart failure, peripheral vascular disease, atrial fibrillation, anemia, and chronic dialysis as well as almost all complications were associated with the highest cost group. The complications with the highest incremental cost were acute respiratory failure requiring intubation ($28,209), cardiogenic shock ($22,401), and acute kidney injury ($16,974). Higher co-morbidity burden and major complications post-TAVI were associated with higher hospitalization costs. Prevention of these complications may reduce TAVI-related costs.

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ePub ahead of print