Qintar M, Villablanca P, Lee J, Wang DD, Frisoli T, O'Neill B, O'Neill WW, and Eng MH. Patent foramen ovale closure with vena cava thrombus: You need an arm and a neck! Clin Case Rep 2021; 9(5):e03884.
Clin Case Rep
In patients with challenging femoral vein anatomy, transcatheter patent foramen ovale (PFO) closure can be safely and effectively be done through the jugular veins guided by ICE from the arm. This novel technique can potentially save resources (anesthesia and TEE) and provide an option for patients without a femoral option.