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Circ Genom Precis Med


BACKGROUND: It remains unclear whether the plasma proteome adds value to established predictors in heart failure (HF) with reduced ejection fraction (HFrEF). We sought to derive and validate a plasma proteomic risk score (PRS) for survival in patients with HFrEF (HFrEF-PRS).

Methods: Patients meeting Framingham criteria for HF with EF<50% were enrolled (n=1017) and plasma underwent SOMAscan® profiling (4453 targets). Patients were randomly divided 2:1 into derivation and validation cohorts. The HFrEF-PRS was derived using Cox regression of all-cause mortality adjusted for clinical score and N-Terminal pro-B-Type Natriuretic Peptide (NTproBNP), then was tested in the validation cohort. Risk stratification improvement was evaluated by C-statistic, integrated discrimination index (IDI), continuous net reclassification index (NRI), and median improvement in risk score (MIRS) for 1-year and 3-year mortality.

Results: Participants' mean age was 68 years, 48% identified as African American, 35% were female and 296 deaths occurred. In derivation (n=681), 128 proteins associated with mortality, 8 comprising the optimized HFrEF-PRS. In validation (n=336) the HFrEF-PRS associated with mortality (hazard ratio (HR) =2.27 [95% Confidence interval (95%CI) 1.84-2.82], p=6.3x10(-14)), Kaplan-Meier curves differed significantly between HFrEF-PRS quartiles (p=2.2x10(-6)), and it remained significant after adjustment for clinical score and NTproBNP (HR=1.37, 95%CI 1.05-1.79, p=0.021). The HFrEF-PRS improved metrics of risk stratification (C-statistic change=0.009, p=0.612; IDI=0.041, p=0.010; NRI=0.391, p=0.078; MIRS=0.039, p=0.016) and associated with cardiovascular death and HF phenotypes (e.g. 6-minute walk distance, EF change). Most HFrEF-PRS proteins had little known connection to HFrEF.

Conclusions: A plasma multi-protein score improved risk stratification in HFrEF patients and identified novel candidates.

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ePub ahead of print





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