Variation in Cardiac Rehabilitation Participation During Aortic Valve Replacement Episodes of Care
Guduguntla V, Yaser JM, Keteyian SJ, Pagani FD, Likosky DS, Sukul D, and Thompson MP. Variation in Cardiac Rehabilitation Participation During Aortic Valve Replacement Episodes of Care. Circ Cardiovasc Qual Outcomes 2022.
Circ Cardiovasc Qual Outcomes
Background: Despite reported benefit in the setting of aortic valve replacement (AVR), cardiac rehabilitation (CR) utilization remains low, with few studies evaluating hospital and patient-level variation in CR participation. We explored determinants of CR variability during AVR episodes of care: transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR) and surgical aortic valve replacement (SAVR).
Methods: A cohort of 10,124 AVR episodes of care (TAVR n=5,121 from 24 hospitals; SAVR n=5,003 from 32 hospitals) were identified from the Michigan Value Collaborative statewide multipayer registry (2015 to 2019). CR enrollment was defined as the presence of a single professional or facility claim within 90 days of discharge: 93797, 93798, G0422, G0423. Annual trends and hospital variation in CR were described for TAVR, SAVR, and all AVR. Multilevel logistic regression was used to estimate effects of predictors and hospital risk-adjusted rates of CR enrollment.
Results: Overall, 4,027 (39.8%) patients enrolled in CR, with significant differences by treatment strategy: SAVR=50.9%, TAVR=28.9% (p<0.001). CR use after SAVR was significantly higher than after TAVR and increased over time for both modalities (p<0.001). There were significant differences in CR enrollment across age, gender, payer, and some comorbidities (p<.05). At the hospital-level, CR participation rates for all AVR varied 10-fold (4.8% to 68.7%) and were moderately correlated between SAVR and TAVR (Pearson r=0.56, p<0.01).
Conclusions: Substantial variation exists in CR participation during AVR episodes of care across hospitals. However, within-hospital CR participation rates were significantly correlated across treatment strategies. These findings suggest that CR participation is the product of hospital-specific practice patterns. Identifying hospital practices associated with higher CR participation can help assist future quality improvement efforts to increase CR use after AVR.
ePub ahead of print