So CY, Kang G, Lee JC, Frisoli TM, O'Neill B, Wang DD, Eng MH, O'Neill W, and Villablanca PA. Transcatheter edge-to-edge repair for acute mitral regurgitation with cardiogenic shock secondary to mechanical complication. Cardiovasc Revasc Med 2022.
Cardiovasc Revasc Med
INTRODUCTION: Acute MR due to mechanical mitral valve (MV) complications frequently results in cardiogenic shock and requires emergency surgical intervention. There was limited evidence for alternative treatment like MitraClip for patients at prohibitive surgical risk. We aimed to study the technical features and outcomes of emergency transcatheter edge-to-edge repair (TEER) using the MitraClip system for patients with cardiogenic shock (CS) secondary to acute mitral regurgitation (MR) and mechanical MV complication.
MATERIAL AND METHODS: We performed institutional review and systemic literature review to identify all TEER for CS patients due to acute mitral regurgitation and mechanical MV complication. Clinical endpoints included device success rate assessed at the end of procedure, ability to wean off MCS, all-cause and cardiovascular mortality at 30-day.
RESULTS: Eight patients were identified from institutional review. Detail anatomical analysis found that patients with mechanical MV complications related to myocardial infarction had a lower transseptal height achieved during MitraClip (3.6 ± 0.1 cm vs 4.3 ± 0.3 cm, p = 0.03) than those not related. Pooled analysis for cases from institutional review (n = 8) and systemic literature review (n = 16) was performed. The device success rate was 68.8 %. Seventy-five percent (n = 18) cases required mechanical circulatory support (MCS), and 94.4 % were able to wean off MCS. At 30-day, the cardiovascular mortality was 4.5 % and the all-cause mortality was 9.1 %.
CONCLUSIONS: In CS patients due to acute MR and mechanical MV complications, TEER with/without MCS was feasible with a reasonable device success rate.
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