Simsek B, Jaffer FA, Kostantinis S, Karacsonyi J, Koike H, Doshi D, Alaswad K, Gorgulu S, Goktekin O, Khatri J, Poommipanit P, Krestyaninov O, Davies R, ElGuindy A, Jefferson BK, Patel T, Patel M, Rinfret S, Jaber WA, Nicholson W, Rafeh NA, Yildirim U, Soylu K, Allana S, Rangan BV, Mastrodemos OC, Sandoval Y, Burke MN, and Brilakis ES. Preprocedural coronary computed tomography angiography in chronic total occlusion percutaneous coronary intervention: Insights from the PROGRESS-CTO registry. Int J Cardiol 2022.
International journal of cardiology
BACKGROUND: Preprocedural coronary computed tomography angiography (CCTA) can be useful in procedural planning for chronic total occlusion (CTO) percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI).
METHODS: We examined the clinical, angiographic and procedural characteristics and outcomes of cases with vs. without preprocedural CCTA in PROGRESS-CTO (NCT02061436). Multivariable logistic regression was used to adjust for confounding factors.
RESULTS: Of 7034 CTO PCI cases, preprocedural CCTA was used in 375 (5.3%) with increasing frequency over time. Patients with preprocedural CCTA had a higher prevalence of prior coronary artery bypass graft surgery (39% vs. 27%, p < 0.001) and angiographically unfavorable characteristics including higher prevalence of proximal cap ambiguity (52% vs. 33%, p < 0.001) and moderate/severe calcification (59% vs. 41%, p < 0.001) compared with those without CCTA. CCTA helped resolve proximal cap ambiguity in 27%, identified significant calcium not seen on diagnostic angiography in 18%, changed estimated CTO length by >5 mm in 10%, and was performed as part of initial coronary artery disease work up in 19%. CCTA cases had higher J-CTO (2.6 ± 1.2 vs. 2.3 ± 1.3, p < 0.001) and PROGRESS-CTO (1.3 ± 1.0 vs. 1.2 ± 1.0 p = 0.027) scores. After adjusting for potential confounders, cases with preprocedural CCTA had similar technical success (odds ratio [OR]: 1.18, 95% confidence interval [CI], 0.83-1.67) and incidence of major adverse cardiovascular events (OR: 1.47, 95% CI, 0.72-3.00).
CONCLUSION: Preprocedural CCTA was used in ~5% of CTO PCI cases. While CCTA may help with procedural planning, especially in complex cases, technical success and MACE were similar with or without CCTA.
ePub ahead of print