Peer mentorship to reduce suicide attempts among high-risk adults (PREVAIL): Rationale and design of a randomized controlled effectiveness-implementation trial

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Contemp Clin Trials


RATIONALE: Novel approaches to suicide prevention are needed to address increasing rates of suicide deaths. Research suggests that interventions led by certified Peer Specialists may improve suicide protective factors such as hope and connectedness; however, the effectiveness of a Peer Specialist intervention for reducing suicidal thoughts or behaviors has not previously been tested empirically.

DESIGN: We describe the methodology of a randomized controlled hybrid effectiveness-implementation trial of a peer specialist intervention known as PREVAIL (Peers for Valued Living). The primary effectiveness aim is to determine whether the 3-month peer mentorship intervention compared to a minimally enhanced usual care condition reduces suicide attempts and suicidal ideation among adults at high risk for suicide who have been psychiatrically hospitalized. Secondary effectiveness outcomes include medically serious suicide attempts according to chart review and self-reported self-efficacy to avoid suicide. We also describe suicide risk management, supervision, and fidelity monitoring in the context of Peer Specialist providers and our methods for assessing implementation barriers and facilitators.

CONCLUSION: The PREVAIL trial will demonstrate novel methods for incorporating peer providers into a suicide prevention effectiveness trial with high-risk study participants. PREVAIL's hybrid effectiveness-implementation design aims to maximize the likelihood of rapid implementation in the community if shown to be effective.

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ePub ahead of print

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