Targeting Imbalance between IL-1β and IL-1 Receptor Antagonist Ameliorates Delayed Epithelium Wound Healing in Diabetic Mouse Corneas.

Document Type


Publication Date


Publication Title

The American journal of pathology


Patients with diabetes mellitus often develop corneal complications and delayed wound healing. How diabetes might alter acute inflammatory responses to tissue injury, leading to delayed wound healing, remains mostly elusive. Using a streptozotocin-induced type I diabetes mellitus mice and corneal epithelium-debridement wound model, we discovered that although wounding induced marked expression of IL-1β and the secreted form of IL-1 receptor antagonist (sIL-1Ra), diabetes suppressed the expressions of sIL-1Ra but not IL-1β in healing epithelia and both in whole cornea. In normoglycemic mice, IL-1β or sIL-1Ra blockade delayed wound healing and influenced each other's expression. In diabetic mice, in addition to delayed reepithelization, diabetes weakened phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase-Akt signaling, caused cell apoptosis, diminished cell proliferation, suppressed neutrophil and natural killer cell infiltrations, and impaired sensory nerve reinnervation in healing mouse corneas. Local administration of recombinant IL-1Ra partially, but significantly, reversed these pathological changes in the diabetic corneas. CXCL10 was a downstream chemokine of IL-1β-IL-1Ra, and exogenous CXCL10 alleviated delayed wound healing in the diabetic, but attenuated it in the normal corneas. In conclusion, the suppressed early innate/inflammatory responses instigated by the imbalance between IL-1β and IL-1Ra is an underlying cause for delayed wound healing in the diabetic corneas. Local application of IL-1Ra accelerates reepithelialization and may be used to treat chronic corneal and potential skin wounds of diabetic patients.

Medical Subject Headings

Animals; Blotting, Western; Corneal Diseases; Diabetes Complications; Diabetes Mellitus, Experimental; Immunohistochemistry; Interleukin 1 Receptor Antagonist Protein; Interleukin-1beta; Mice; Mice, Inbred C57BL; Microscopy, Confocal; Real-Time Polymerase Chain Reaction; Wound Healing

PubMed ID






First Page


Last Page