Title

Injectable and topical neurotoxins in dermatology: Indications, adverse events, and controversies.

Document Type

Article

Publication Date

6-1-2017

Publication Title

Journal of the American Academy of Dermatology

Abstract

The use of neuromodulators for therapeutic and cosmetic indications has proven to be remarkably safe. While aesthetic and functional adverse events are uncommon, each anatomic region has its own set of risks of which the physician and patient must be aware before treatment. The therapeutic usages of botulinum toxins now include multiple specialties and multiple indications. New aesthetic indications have also developed, and there has been an increased utilization of combination therapies to combat the effects of global aging. In the second article in this continuing medical education series, we review the prevention and treatment of adverse events, therapeutic and novel aesthetic indications, controversies, and a brief overview of combination therapies.

Medical Subject Headings

Administration, Topical; Botulinum Toxins; Cosmetic Techniques; Dermatology; Humans; Injections; Neurotoxins

PubMed ID

28522039

Volume

76

Issue

6

First Page

1027

Last Page

1042

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