Efficacy and safety of crisaborole ointment, a novel, nonsteroidal phosphodiesterase 4 (PDE4) inhibitor for the topical treatment of atopic dermatitis (AD) in children and adults.
Journal of the American Academy of Dermatology
BACKGROUND: Additional topical treatments for atopic dermatitis (AD) are needed that provide relief while minimizing risks.
OBJECTIVE: We sought to assess the efficacy and safety of crisaborole ointment, a phosphodiesterase 4 inhibitor, in two phase III AD studies (AD-301: NCT02118766; AD-302: NCT02118792).
METHODS: Two identically designed, vehicle-controlled, double-blind studies enrolled and randomly assigned (2:1, crisaborole:vehicle) patients aged 2 years or older with an Investigator's Static Global Assessment (ISGA) score of mild or moderate for twice-daily application for 28 days. The primary end point was ISGA score at day 29 of clear (0)/almost clear (1) with 2-grade or greater improvement from baseline. Additional analyses included time to success in ISGA score, percentage of patients achieving clear/almost clear, reduction in severity of AD signs, and time to improvement in pruritus.
RESULTS: More crisaborole- than vehicle-treated patients achieved ISGA score success (clear/almost clear with ≥2-grade improvement; AD-301: 32.8% vs 25.4%, P = .038; AD-302: 31.4% vs 18.0%, P < .001), with a greater percentage with clear/almost clear (51.7% vs 40.6%, P = .005; 48.5% vs 29.7%, P < .001). Crisaborole-treated patients achieved success in ISGA score and improvement in pruritus earlier than those treated with vehicle (both P ≤ .001). Treatment-related adverse events were infrequent and mild to moderate in severity.
LIMITATIONS: Short study duration was a limitation.
CONCLUSIONS: Crisaborole demonstrated a favorable safety profile and improvement in all measures of efficacy, including overall disease severity, pruritus, and other signs of AD.
Medical Subject Headings
Administration, Cutaneous; Adolescent; Adult; Aged; Boron Compounds; Bridged Bicyclo Compounds, Heterocyclic; Child; Child, Preschool; Cyclic Nucleotide Phosphodiesterases, Type 4; Dermatitis, Atopic; Dermatologic Agents; Double-Blind Method; Female; Humans; Male; Middle Aged; Ointments; Pruritus; Young Adult