Shimada S, Ivanics T, Kitajima T, Shamaa T, Rizzari M, Collins K, Yoshida A, Abouljoud M, Moonka D, Zhang J, Lu M, and Nagai S. Improvements in liver transplant outcomes in patients with HCV/HIV coinfection after the introduction of direct-acting antiviral therapies. Transpl Infect Dis 2022; e13808.
Transplant infectious disease
BACKGROUND: In recipients with HCV/HIV coinfection, the impact that the wider use of direct-acting antivirals (DAAs) has had on post-liver transplant (LT) outcomes has not been evaluated. We investigated the impact of DAAs introduction on post-LT outcome in patients with HCV/HIV coinfection.
METHODS: Using Organ Procurement and Transplant Network/United Network for Organ Sharing data, we compared post-LT outcomes in patients with HCV and/or HIV pre- and post-DAAs introduction. We categorized these patients into two eras: pre-DAA (2008-2012 [pre-DAA era]) and post-DAA (2014-2019 [post-DAA era]). To study the impact of DAAs introduction, inverse probability of treatment weighting was used to adjust patient characteristics.
RESULTS: A total of 17 215 LT recipients were eligible for this study (HCV/HIV [n = 160]; HIV mono-infection [n = 188]; HCV mono-infection [n = 16 867]). HCV/HIV coinfection and HCV mono-infection had a significantly lower hazard of 1- and 3-year graft loss post-DAA, compared pre-DAA (1-year: adjusted hazard ratio [aHR] 0.29, 95% confidence interval (CI) 0.16-0.53 in HIV/HCV, aHR 0.58, 95% CI 0.54-0.63, respectively; 3-year: aHR 0.30, 95% CI 0.14-0.61, aHR 0.64, 95% CI 0.58-0.70, respectively). The hazards of 1- and 3-year graft loss post-DAA in HIV mono-infection were comparable to those in pre-DAA. HCV/HIV coinfection had significantly lower patient mortality post-DAA, compared to pre-DAA (1-year: aHR 0.30, 95% CI 0.17-0.55; 3-year: aHR 0.31, 95% CI 0.15-0.63).
CONCLUSIONS: Post-LT outcomes in patients with coinfection significantly improved and became comparable to those with HCV mono-infection after introducing DAA therapy. The introduction of DAAs supports the use of LT in the setting of HCV/HIV coinfection.
ePub ahead of print