Transvenous electrode endocardial pacing of the right ventricle is the most simple and common modality of permanent pacing at present. The incidence of endocarditis is rare. Only two patients were found in our hospital series of over 200 who had permanent transvenous pacemakers implanted. A 40-year-old housewife developed staphylococcus aureus endocarditis secondary to local wound infection in the power pack pocket, requiring removal of the infected electrode under cardiopulmonary by-pass. Prolonged traction of the retained electrode proved ineffective. The mechanism of electrode entrapment is discussed.
Garcia, Remigio and Hakimi-Naini, Mehdi
"Bacterial Endocarditis and Incarceration of a Transvenous Pacemaker: Removal under cardiopulmonary by-pass after prolonged traction proved ineffective,"
Henry Ford Hospital Medical Journal
: Vol. 23
Available at: https://scholarlycommons.henryford.com/hfhmedjournal/vol23/iss3/5