With the increased use of oxygen to treat the respiratory distress syndrome, retrolental fibroplasia was encountered in more infants. One hundred consecutive premature infants were screened for ocular disease and a diagnosis of retrolental fibroplasia was made in six infants. A profile of a "high risk" infant emerged as one with a birth weight less than 1,500 grams who suffers from the respiratory distress syndrome and multiple apneic spells. During the examinations many other ocular abnormalities were found which prove the value of such screening.
Nisbet, R. Michael
"The incidence of retrolental fibroplasia,"
Henry Ford Hospital Medical Journal
: Vol. 25
Available at: https://scholarlycommons.henryford.com/hfhmedjournal/vol25/iss2/5