Biliary fistula is an unusual complication after operations for hepatic trauma, but only scant information is available concerning its management. This report describes biliary fistulas and presents two cases of their successful resolution, by external drainage in one case and internal drainage in the other. These cases illustrate aspects of fistula management and prevention described in the literature and suggest individualized approaches.
Samhouri, Farouq; Gruenberg, James C.; and Brown, Robert S.
"Intrahepatic-Cutaneous Biliary Fistulas Secondary to Trauma,"
Henry Ford Hospital Medical Journal
: Vol. 28
Available at: https://scholarlycommons.henryford.com/hfhmedjournal/vol28/iss1/13