Endoscopic papillotomy is a non-operadve technique used to manage choledocholithiasis and papillary stenosis. Considerable experience in Europe and initial results in a few medical centers in the United States indicate that it is effective and safe. Six papillotomy procedures were performed at Henry Ford Hospital without complication, and with a successful outcome in five. Endoscopic papillotomy is the procedure of choice for retained common bile duct stones less than 2 cm in diameter.
"Preliminary Experience with Endoscopic Papillotomy,"
Henry Ford Hospital Medical Journal
: Vol. 29
Available at: https://scholarlycommons.henryford.com/hfhmedjournal/vol29/iss2/5