Endoscopic sclerotherapy as a method to treat bleeding esophageal varices was first performed by Crafoord and Erenckner in 1939 but was not widely accepted. Surgical therapy, using the portocaval shunt, became the preferred method of preventing hemorrhage from bleeding varices. Over the years, enthusiasm for the surgical approach has waned because the mortality rate with certain patients is prohibitively high. Conversely, interest in endoscopic sclerotherapy is growing as a result of several favorable reports. We present our initial experience with this procedure in the management of patients with bleeding esophageal varices.
Zonca, Martin C.; Wong, Dominic K. H.; Batra, Surinder K.; and Schuman, Bernard M.
"Endoscopic Sclerotherapy in the Treatment of Recurrent Bleeding from Esophageal Varices,"
Henry Ford Hospital Medical Journal
: Vol. 31
Available at: https://scholarlycommons.henryford.com/hfhmedjournal/vol31/iss1/4