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Henry Ford Hospital Medical Journal

Abstract

This retrospective analysis compares data derived by echocardiography and cardiac catheterization in the evaluation of aortic and mitral valve stenosis. Sixty-seven patients, aged 69 ± 12 years, underwent 76 catheterization procedures. In all studies the Doppler recording was technically adequate. In 64 studies of patients with aortic stenosis, correlation was good between the gradient obtained at catheterization (peak 51 ± 28 mm Hg, mean 48 ± 24 mm Hg) and the Doppler gradient (peak 73 ± 29 mm Hg, mean 41 ±17 mm Hg) (R = 0.78 peak, 0.77 mean). In 15 studies the aortic valve area, 0.8 ± 0.2 cm2, calculated by the simplified continuity equation, correlated well with the catheterization valve area, 0.7 + 0.3 cm2, calculated by the Gorlin equation (R = 0.80). In 14 studies in mitral stenosis patients, the mean gradient at catheterization was 11 ±5 mmHg compared to the Doppler gradient of 8 ±4 mmHg (R = 0.58). The mitral valve area was 1.1 ± 0.3 cm2 by the Gorlin equation and 1.2 ± 0.3 cm2 by echo Doppler, using pressure half-time. When cardiac rhythm, the presence and severity of regurgitation, and the cardiac index were analyzed, none was shown to have demonstrable influence cm the accuracy of the Doppler study. Doppler echocardiography can be used reliably to assess valvular stenosis in a clinical, noninvasive laboratory where routine tests are performed and interpreted by more than one individual.

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