Henry Ford Hospital Medical Journal


Coexistent primary hyperparathyroidism and monoclonal gammopathy, although rare, has been reported previously by a number of investigators. We report four patients with such an occurrence who were seen between 1976 and 1988. Another patient with primary hyperparathyroidism also had multiple myeloma and was in remission for 12 years. These patients represent approximately 1% of the 386 patients with primary hyperparathyroidism seen during the same 12-year period. Although several mechanisms have been proposed to explain this concurrence, we believe it is the result of a chance occurrence. A review of the literature, an estimate of the chance occurrence of coincidental monoclonal gammopathy, benign or malignant, in patients with primary hyperparathyroidism, and some practical implications of this interesting coexistence are presented.