Title

Vancomycin-Resistant Enterococci: Epidemiology, Infection Prevention, and Control.

Document Type

Article

Publication Date

12-1-2016

Publication Title

Infectious Disease Clinics of North America

Abstract

Vancomycin-resistant enterococci (VRE) infections have acquired prominence as a leading cause of health care-associated infections. Understanding VRE epidemiology, transmission modes in health care settings, risk factors for colonization, and infection is essential to prevention and control of VRE infections. Infection control strategies are pivotal in management of VRE infections and should be based on patient characteristics, hospital needs, and available resources. Hand hygiene is basic to decrease acquisition of VRE. The effectiveness of surveillance and contact precautions is variable and controversial in endemic settings, but important during VRE outbreak investigations and control. Environmental cleaning, chlorhexidine bathing, and antimicrobial stewardship are vital in VRE prevention and control.

Medical Subject Headings

Cross Infection; Gram-Positive Bacterial Infections; Hand Hygiene; Humans; Infection Control; Vancomycin-Resistant Enterococci

PubMed ID

27660091

Volume

30

Issue

4

First Page

953

Last Page

965

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