Differences between normal and diabetic brains in middle-aged rats by MRI
Ding G, Chopp M, Li L, Zhang L, Davoodi-Bojd E, Li Q, Wei M, Zhang Z, and Jiang Q. Differences Between Normal and Diabetic Brains in Middle-Aged Rats by MRI. Brain Res 2019.
Normal aging is a risk factor for metabolic disorders such as diabetes, and diabetes is also a recognized cause of accelerated aging. Being able to distinguish changes caused by normal aging from those caused by diabetes, would provide insight into how the aging brain interacts with diabetes. Eight types of MRI metric maps (magnetization relaxation time constants of T1 and T2, cerebral blood flow, cerebrovascular permeability, mean diffusivity, diffusion fractional anisotropy, mean diffusion kurtosis and diffusion directional entropy) were generated for all rats from the three groups of normal young, healthy and 1.5-month diabetic middle-aged rats under investigation. Measurements of multiple MRI indices of cerebral white and gray matter from animals of the three groups provide complementary results and insight into differences between healthy and diabetic white / gray matter in the mid-aged rats. Our data indicate that MRI may distinguish between the normal and diabetes in mid-aged rat brains by measuring either T1 and T2 of gray matter, or fractional anisotropy of white matter and gray matter. Therefore, MRI can distinguish changes of cerebral tissue due to the normal aging from diabetic aging, which may lead to be able to better understand how diabetes accelerates aging in normal brain.
ePub ahead of print