Understanding the Radial Force of Stroke Thrombectomy Devices to Minimize Vessel Wall Injury: Mechanical Bench Testing of the Radial Force Generated by a Novel Braided Thrombectomy Assist Device Compared to Laser-Cut Stent Retrievers in Simulated MCA Vessel Diameters

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Interv Neurol


Background: Recent reports have raised various concerns about the risk of vessel wall injury while withdrawing current laser-cut stent retrievers during active strut apposition to the vessel walls. The development of braided thrombectomy assist devices in conjunction with aspiration systems may be gentler on the fragile brain vessels and more optimized with regard to the radial force (RF) for vessel diameters of proximal (M1) and distal (M2) large vessel occlusions (LVOs). Methods: Mechanical bench testing of the RF was performed using a radial compression station mounted on a tensile testing machine. The total RF in newtons (N) generated in vessels with diameters ranging from 2.25 to 3 mm as seen in proximal LVOs (∼M1), and in vessel diameters ranging from 1.5 to 2.24 mm as seen in distal LVOs (∼M2), was measured. The outer diameter of each stent was recorded, and an RF ≤1 N was grouped as "low," while an RF >1 N was grouped as "high" for this analysis. Results: The total RFs of all laser-cut stent retrievers were all higher in the simulated M2 vessels (>1 N) than in the M1 vessels (<1 N), whereas the total RFs of the braided thrombectomy assist devices were uniformly low in both the simulated M1 and the simulated M2 vessels. Conclusions: Novel braided thrombectomy assist devices in conjunction with aspiration systems have lower RFs than existing laser-cut stent retrievers in M1 and M2 vessel diameters. Further in vivo studies are needed to delineate the impact of lowering the RF on vessel wall integrity.

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ePub ahead of print

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