Title

Copper-Binding Small Molecule Induces Oxidative Stress and Cell-Cycle Arrest in Glioblastoma-Patient-Derived Cells.

Document Type

Article

Publication Date

5-17-2018

Publication Title

Cell Chem Biol

Abstract

Transition metals are essential, but deregulation of their metabolism causes toxicity. Here, we report that the compound NSC319726 binds copper to induce oxidative stress and arrest glioblastoma-patient-derived cells at picomolar concentrations. Pharmacogenomic analysis suggested that NSC319726 and 65 other structural analogs exhibit lethality through metal binding. Although NSC319726 has been reported to function as a zinc ionophore, we report here that this compound binds to copper to arrest cell growth. We generated and validated pharmacogenomic predictions: copper toxicity was substantially inhibited by hypoxia, through an hypoxia-inducible-factor-1α-dependent pathway; copper-bound NSC319726 induced the generation of reactive oxygen species and depletion of deoxyribosyl purines, resulting in cell-cycle arrest. These results suggest that metal-induced DNA damage may be a consequence of exposure to some xenobiotics, therapeutic agents, as well as other causes of copper dysregulation, and reveal a potent mechanism for targeting glioblastomas.

Medical Subject Headings

Antineoplastic Agents; Cell Cycle Checkpoints; Cell Line, Tumor; Cell Proliferation; Copper; Female; Glioblastoma; Humans; Male; Oxidative Stress; Reactive Oxygen Species; Small Molecule Libraries; Thiosemicarbazones; Tumor Cells, Cultured

PubMed ID

29576531

Volume

25

Issue

5

First Page

585

Last Page

594

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