Title

A cohort study of the morbidity of combined anterior-posterior cervical spinal fusions: incidence and predictors of postoperative dysphagia.

Document Type

Article

Publication Date

7-1-2016

Publication Title

European spine journal

Abstract

PURPOSE: To identify risk factors that may lead to the development of dysphagia after combined anterior and posterior (360°) cervical fusion surgery.

METHODS: A single center, retrospective analysis of patients who had same-day, 360° fusion at Henry Ford Hospital between 2008 and 2012 was performed. Variables analyzed included demographics, medical co-morbidities, levels fused, and degree of dysphagia.

RESULTS: The overall dysphagia rate was 37.7 %. Patients with dysphagia had a longer mean length of stay (p < 0.001), longer mean operative time (p < 0.001), greater intraoperative blood loss (p = 0.002), and fusion above the fourth cervical vertebra, C4, (p = 0.007). There were no differences in the rates of dysphagia when comparing patients undergoing primary or revision surgery (p = 0.554).

CONCLUSION: Prolonged surgery and fusion above C4 lead to higher rates of dysphagia after 360° fusions. Prior anterior cervical fusion does not increase the risk of dysphagia development.

Medical Subject Headings

Adult; Aged; Aged, 80 and over; Blood Loss, Surgical; Cervical Vertebrae; Cohort Studies; Comorbidity; Deglutition Disorders; Female; Humans; Incidence; Male; Middle Aged; Operative Time; Postoperative Complications; Reoperation; Retrospective Studies; Risk Factors; Spinal Fusion; Young Adult

PubMed ID

26972082

Volume

25

Issue

7

First Page

2068

Last Page

2077

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