Supracerebellar Transtentorial Approach for Occipital Meningioma to Maximize Visual Preservation: Technical Note
Golub D, Mehan ND, Kwan K, Salas SJ, and Schulder M. Supracerebellar Transtentorial Approach for Occipital Meningioma to Maximize Visual Preservation: Technical Note. Oper Neurosurg (Hagerstown) 2019; 17(4): e177-e183.
Oper Neurosurg (Hagerstown)
BACKGROUND AND IMPORTANCE: Surgery for resection of tentorial meningiomas compressing primary visual cortex carries a significant risk of worsening vision. This concern is especially acute in patients with a preexisting visual deficit. Approaches that involve mechanical retraction of the occipital lobe further threaten visual function. The supracerebellar transtentorial (SCTT) approach, which does not carry a risk of occipital retraction injury, should be considered for patients with occipital tentorial meningiomas to maximize functional visual outcomes.
CLINICAL PRESENTATION: A 54-yr-old woman underwent 2 resections and radiation therapy for a right occipital oligodendroglioma as a teenager. She was left with a complete left homonymous hemianopsia. The patient now presented with progressive vision loss in her remaining right visual field. Imaging revealed a left occipital superiorly projecting tentorial meningioma. To preserve her remaining visual function the SCTT approach was chosen for resection. A Simpson grade 1 removal was achieved without disrupting the occipital lobe pia or requiring mechanical cerebellar retraction. A diagnosis of a WHO grade II meningioma (presumably radiation induced) was made. The patient's vision returned to premorbid baseline 1 wk after surgery.
CONCLUSION: The SCTT approach should be considered for the surgical management of patients with occipital tentorial meningiomas when visual preservation is at risk. This approach avoids transgression of visual cortex and minimizes the risk of venous infarction or contusions from retraction injury.