A Study of High-Grade Serous Ovarian Cancer Origins Implicates the SOX18 Transcription Factor in Tumor Development
Lawrenson K, Fonseca MAS, Liu AY, Segato Dezem F, Lee JM, Lin X, Corona RI, Abbasi F, Vavra KC, Dinh HQ, Gill NK, Seo JH, Coetzee S, Lin YG, Pejovic T, Mhawech-Fauceglia P, Rowat AC, Drapkin R, Karlan BY, Hazelett DJ, Freedman ML, Gayther SA, and Noushmehr H. A Study of High-Grade Serous Ovarian Cancer Origins Implicates the SOX18 Transcription Factor in Tumor Development. Cell Rep 2019; 29(11):3726-3735.
Fallopian tube secretory epithelial cells (FTSECs) are likely the main precursor cell type of high-grade serous ovarian cancers (HGSOCs), but these tumors may also arise from ovarian surface epithelial cells (OSECs). We profiled global landscapes of gene expression and active chromatin to characterize molecular similarities between OSECs (n = 114), FTSECs (n = 74), and HGSOCs (n = 394). A one-class machine learning algorithm predicts that most HGSOCs derive from FTSECs, with particularly high FTSEC scores in mesenchymal-type HGSOCs (p