Document Type


Publication Date


Publication Title

World Neurosurg


OBJECTIVE: Telehealth was rapidly adopted during the COVID-19 pandemic. A survey was distributed to neurosurgeons in the United States (US) to understand its use within neurosurgery, what barriers exist, unique issues related to neurosurgery, and opportunities for improvement.

METHODS: A survey was distributed via email and used the SurveyMonkey platform. The survey was sent to 3,828 practicing neurosurgeons within the US 404 responses were collected between Oct. 30, 2021, through Dec. 4, 2021.

RESULTS: During the pandemic, telehealth was used multiple times per week by 60.65% and used daily by an additional 12.78% of respondents. A supermajority (89.84%) of respondents felt that evaluating patients across state lines with telemedicine is beneficial. Most respondents (95.81%) believed that telehealth improves patient access to care. The major criticism of telehealth was the inability to perform a neurological exam.

CONCLUSIONS: Telehealth has been widely implemented within the field of neurosurgery during the COVID-19 pandemic and has increased access to care. It has allowed patients to be evaluated remotely, including across state lines. While certain aspects of the neurological exam are suited for video evaluation, sensation and reflexes cannot be adequately assessed. Neurosurgeons believe that telehealth adds value to their ability to deliver care.

PubMed ID



ePub ahead of print



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