Using the Program Logic Model to Evaluate ¡Cuídate!: A Sexual Health Program for Latino Adolescents in a School-Based Health Center
Serowoky ML, George N, and Yarandi H. Using the Program Logic Model to Evaluate inverted exclamation markCuidate!: A Sexual Health Program for Latino Adolescents in a School-Based Health Center. Worldviews Evid Based Nurs 2015; 12(5):297-305.
Worldviews Evid Based Nurs
BACKGROUND: Addressing the disparities in pregnancy and sexually transmitted infection (STI) rates for Latino youth in the United States requires an evidence-based approach. Although randomized controlled trials for sexual risk reduction interventions have shown promise in improving short-term outcomes, program sustainability has not been extensively examined in school settings where teens spend time. Latina teen pregnancy rates are nearly twice the national average. Adolescents comprise only 17% of the U.S. population, yet they account for 50% of STIs. ¡Cuídate! is a high-impact sexual health group program endorsed by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention that has not been replicated in a real-world setting.
AIMS: The program logic model (PLM) was used as the systematic approach to plan, implement, and evaluate a sustainable model of sexual health group programing (¡Cuídate!) in a U.S. high school with a large Latino student population.
METHODS: The PLM provided the framework for the evaluation of outputs, outcome, and impact. A multivariate repeated measures analysis of variance was used as the means to evaluate the participant outcomes immediately postprogram and at 8-12 weeks.
RESULTS: ¡Cuídate! was executed within an existing school structure and time constraints, below cost projections, and with high participant retention (95.8%). Three cohorts (N = 24) of female teens demonstrated significant increases in STI or HIV knowledge, self-efficacy, and intention to use condoms (p < .01). Condom use increased postprogram. No participants initiated sexual behavior, nor were there any reported pregnancies or STIs.
CONCLUSIONS: An evidence-based intervention previously tested in randomized controlled trials can be sustained in a school-based health center with similar results of efficacy.
LINKING EVIDENCE TO ACTION: Our success served as a platform for a sustainable program. We continue to extend the impact of the program by delivering ¡Cuídate! in the school setting using a community health worker.
Medical Subject Headings
Adolescent; Female; Health Knowledge, Attitudes, Practice; Health Promotion; Hispanic Americans; Humans; Pregnancy; Pregnancy in Adolescence; Program Evaluation; Reproductive Health; School Health Services; Schools; Sexually Transmitted Diseases; United States