Refractive Trend of Stage 3 Retinopathy of Prematurity
Padidam S, Le K, and Lin X. Refractive trend of stage 3 retinopathy of prematurity J Pediatr Ophthalmol Strabismus 2018; 55(6):403-406.
Journal of pediatric ophthalmology and strabismus
PURPOSE: To analyze the yearly refractive trend in patients with stage 3 retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) over a 7-year time period.
METHODS: This was a retrospective review of 70 eyes of 35 patients with stage 3 ROP.
RESULTS: Of the 70 eyes, 46 received laser ablation and 24 did not. There was a similar distribution between zone II and zone III disease in both groups (P = .87). The average final refraction in the laser group was -0.83 diopters (D) in comparison to +1.61 D in the no laser group. The final refractive change was -3.55 D in the laser group and -0.25 D in the no laser group. A greater myopic shift was observed in the first 2 years of life than between years 2 and 7 in both groups.
CONCLUSIONS: Infants who underwent laser treatment for stage 3 ROP tended to have higher myopia than those with stage 3 ROP who did not require treatment. [J Pediatr Ophthalmol Strabismus. 2018;55(6):403-406.].
Medical Subject Headings
Angiogenesis Inhibitors; Bevacizumab; Disease Progression; Female; Humans; Infant; Infant, Newborn; Intravitreal Injections; Male; Prognosis; Receptors, Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor; Refraction, Ocular; Refractive Errors; Retinopathy of Prematurity; Vitreoretinal Surgery