Feasibility of PROMIS CAT Administration in the Ambulatory Sports Medicine Clinic With Respect to Cost and Patient Compliance: A Single-Surgeon Experience.
Orthop J Sports Med
Background: Pay-for-performance reimbursement models are becoming increasingly popular, but the implementation of a routine patient-reported outcome (PRO) collection system places additional burden on both the patient and the provider. The Patient-Reported Outcomes Measurement Information System (PROMIS) was developed in an effort to make PRO collection more practical and efficient, but providers may be reluctant to embrace a transition to a PROMIS-based clinical outcome registry.
Hypothesis: PROMIS can be successfully incorporated into daily clinical practice, with an overall patient compliance rate of 80%.
Study Design: Cross-sectional study; Level of evidence, 3.
Methods: As part of routine practice, all patients presenting to a single surgeon's sports medicine clinic for an appointment were asked to complete a series of PROMIS computerized adaptive tests (CATs), including PROMIS Physical Function, Physical Function-Upper Extremity, Pain Interference, and Depression subscales. Overall compliance was calculated by dividing the number of survey sets completed by the number of eligible clinic visits. Compliance rates were further assessed by patient age, type of clinic visit, and location of injury. Costs associated with this system of routine PRO collection were categorized as start-up or maintenance costs.
Results: From August 7, 2017, to December 8, 2017, there were 581 patients (1109 clinic encounters) who met inclusion criteria for the study. Of the 1109 clinic encounters, there was an overall compliance rate of 91.3% (1013/1109 visits during which the patient completed the entire PROMIS survey set). Overall, the full survey set consisted of a mean 15.3 questions and took a mean of 2.6 minutes to complete. Patients who were aged ≥62 years had a significantly lower compliance rate (81.8%;
Conclusion: The routine electronic collection of PROMIS scores in the ambulatory orthopaedic clinic resulted in a compliance rate of over 90%, although older patients were generally less compliant than younger patients. Our system of data collection is practical and efficient in a high-volume orthopaedic clinic and places minimal financial burden on the provider.