Kuhlmann NA, Taylor KA, Roche CP, Franovic S, Chen C, Carofino BC, Flurin PH, Wright TW, Schoch BS, Zuckerman JD, and Muh SJ. Acute versus delayed reverse total shoulder arthroplasty for proximal humerus fractures in the elderly: Mid-term outcomes. Seminars in Arthroplasty 2020.
Seminars in Arthroplasty
Background: Treatment of proximal humerus fractures (PHFs) via reverse total shoulder arthroplasty (RTSA) has shown early promise when compared to historical treatment modalities. Ideal surgical timing remains unclear. The purpose of this study was to compare the outcomes of early versus delayed RTSA for PHF. We hypothesized that acute RTSA would display superior outcomes compared to those receiving delayed surgical intervention. Methods: This multicenter study retrospectively analyzed 142 patients who underwent RTSA for fracture. Patients treated within 4 weeks of injury were placed in the acute group (n = 102), and patients treated longer than 4 weeks after injury were placed in the chronic group (n = 38). A comprehensive panel of patient reported outcome measures, VAS pain scores, range of motion, and patient satisfaction were evaluated. Results: The acute group had significantly better final follow-up SPADI scores (20.8 ± 23.9 vs. 30.7 ± 31.7) (p<0.05). No further differences were detected in other postoperative range of motion measurements, subjective outcomes, or VAS scores. Conclusions: Our results suggest that patients treated acutely display similar mid-term outcomes to those who receive delayed treatment. With this in mind, surgeons may first give consideration to a period of nonoperative treatment. Level of evidence: Level II.
ePub ahead of print