Azad S, Oravec D, Baumer T, Schildcrout A, White P, Basheer A, Bey MJ, Bartol SW, Chang V, and Yeni YN. Dynamic foraminal dimensions during neck motion 6.5 years after fusion and artificial disc replacement. PLoS One 2020; 15(8):e0237350.
OBJECTIVE: To compare changes in foraminal motion at two time points post-surgery between artificial disc replacement (ADR) and anterior cervical discectomy and fusion (ACDF).
METHODS: Eight ACDF and 6 ADR patients (all single-level C5-6) were tested at 2 years (T1) and 6.5 years (T2) post-surgery. The minimum foraminal height (FH.Min) and width (FW.Min) achieved during neck axial rotation and extension, and the range of these dimensions during motion (FH.Rn and FW.Rn, respectively) were measured using a biplane dynamic x-ray system, CT imaging and model-based tracking while patients performed neck axial rotation and extension tasks. Two-way mixed ANOVA was employed for analysis.
RESULTS: In neck extension, significant interactions were found between year post-surgery and type of surgery for FW.Rn at C5-6 (p0.7).
CONCLUSIONS: Changes were observed in the range of foraminal geometry at adjacent levels from 2 years to 6.5 years post-surgery that were different between ACDF and ADR for neck extension. These changes are contrary to the notion that motion at adjacent levels continue to increase following ACDF as compared to ADR over the long term.