Epidemiology, Workload, and Performance of Major League Baseball Pitchers Placed on the Disabled List.
Marshall NE, Jildeh TR, Okoroha KR, Patel A, Moutzouros V, and Makhni EC. Epidemiology, workload, and performance of major league baseball pitchers placed on the disabled list. Orthopedics 2018; 41(3):178-183
There is limited information on the effect of pitcher workload, pitch type, and performance of Major League Baseball pitchers placed on the disabled list (DL). This study evaluated demographic, performance, workload, and injury data of 330 Major League Baseball pitchers with 454 injuries who were placed on the DL during the 2014 and 2015 seasons. Upper extremity, lower extremity, core, hip/groin, and other injuries were analyzed, and injury year data were compared with career data as well as against other injury groups. Upper extremity injuries represented 60% of injuries and a mean of 61.4 (SE, 2.6) days on the DL, while lower extremity and core injuries each represented 14% of all injuries. Players with upper extremity injuries returned to play the same season at the lowest rate (67.3%). Starters pitched more mean innings per game (5.31 vs 5.14 innings, P=.012) and threw more mean pitches per game (85.9 vs 82.4 pitches, P=.003) the year of injury compared with their career. There was a decrease in mean fastball velocity (92.2 vs 91.6 mph, P<.001) and percentage of fastballs thrown (60.3% vs 58.5%, P<.001) the year of injury for all injuries. The authors found that upper extremity injuries are the most common, require the most time on the DL, and have the lowest same season return to play rate. Starters pitched significantly more innings and threw more pitches during the year of injury. Pitchers were found to have a decrease in fastball velocity and percentage of fastballs thrown during the year of injury. [Orthopedics. 2018; 41(3):178-183.].
Medical Subject Headings
Adult; Athletic Injuries; Athletic Performance; Baseball; Humans; Lower Extremity; Male; Return to Sport; Torso; Upper Extremity; Workload; Young Adult