When Do Patients Achieve PROMIS Milestones After Rotator Cuff Repair?

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Orthop J Sports Med


BACKGROUND: Given the variability of the questions asked, the Patient-Reported Outcomes Measurement Information System (PROMIS) upper extremity (UE) computer adaptive test (CAT) Version 2.0 item bank aids in the evaluation of rotator cuff repair (RCR) rehabilitation by determining when recovery milestones are possible based on the quality of patient responses at certain time points.

PURPOSE: To assess the time point at which patients with RCR were able to achieve specific functional milestones, determined as positive responses to the 5 most frequently asked items on the PROMIS UE CAT Version 2.0.

STUDY DESIGN: Case series; Level of evidence, 4.

METHODS: The postoperative PROMIS UE CAT Version 2.0 scores of patients who underwent RCR between February 16, 2017, and July 30, 2019, were reviewed with respect to individual PROMIS item, response, and timing of response. A functional milestone was considered achieved if the patient response was "without any difficulty" or "with a little difficulty" to any of the 5 most frequently asked PROMIS items. The percentage of patients in each monthlong postoperative interval who answered with either response was recorded. The logit generalized estimating equations method was used to analyze the association between milestone achievement for each PROMIS item and predictor variables (age, sex, body mass index, smoking status, race, ethnicity, and employment status).

RESULTS: A total of 1131 responses from 371 patients were included. The majority of patients attained milestone achievement on 4 of the 5 most frequently asked PROMIS items at time points ranging from 1 to 5 months postoperatively: "Are you able to carry a shopping bag or briefcase?" (by 1 month), "Are you able to put on and take off a coat or jacket?" (by 3 months), "Are you able to pour liquid from a bottle into a glass?" (by 3 months), and "Are you able to carry a heavy object (over 10 pounds/5 kg)?" (by 5 months). For the item "Are you able to put on a shirt or blouse?", the majority of patients did not achieve the milestone by 1 year.

CONCLUSION: These findings support the application of PROMIS UE CAT Version 2.0 milestone achievement in the shared decision-making process and postoperative monitoring, as patients can use this information to determine when they can return to certain activities and providers can apply these standards to identify patients needing additional clinical support.

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