The Association of Cavovarus Foot Deformity With an Os Peroneum

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Foot Ankle Spec


OBJECTIVE: We sought to assess whether the presence of an os peroneum is correlated with cavovarus foot alignment in patients without a neurologic explanation for their foot shape. We hypothesized that a large os peroneum would increase the power of the peroneus longus and lead to a forefoot-driven, hindfoot varus deformity.

MATERIALS AND METHODS: This was a retrospective cohort study conducted at a single institution and reviewed patients with 3 weightbearing views of the foot on plain radiography. Patients were characterized into having either no os peroneum (235), a small os peroneum (18), or a large os peroneum (23). The control group included the first 101 of the 235 patients without an os peroneum based on a power analysis of the primary outcome, which was the difference in the mean Meary's angle (lateral talo-first metatarsal angle) between groups. The kite angle (anterior-posterior [AP] talocalcaneal angle), as well as 4 other angles were measured as secondary outcomes.

RESULTS: Those with a large os peroneum had on a mean 7.7° (P < .01) more apex dorsal angulation of Meary's angle than controls, and a kite angle 4.2° varus to that of the control group. There were no differences between the small os peroneum and control groups.

CONCLUSION: These findings add to the existing literature surrounding the etiology of cavovarus foot shape and link the presence of an ossified os peroneum, an oftentimes incidental radiographic finding, to cavovarus foot deformity in those without an underlying neurologic diagnosis.

LEVELS OF EVIDENCE: Therapeutic, Level III: Retrospective Case-Control.

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ePub ahead of print

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