Dosing of sublingual immunotherapy for allergic rhinitis: evidence-based review with recommendations.
Leatherman BD, Khalid A, Lee S, McMains K, Peltier J, Platt MP, Stachler RJ, Toskala E, Tropper G, Venkatraman G, and Lin SY. Dosing of sublingual immunotherapy for allergic rhinitis: evidence-based review with recommendations Int Forum Allergy Rhinol 2015 Sep;5(9):773-83.
Int Forum Allergy Rhinol
BACKGROUND: Since the mid 1980s, the clinical use of sublingual immunotherapy (SLIT) has dramatically increased. However, 1 of the primary barriers to providing SLIT is lack of a published dosing recommendations. The purpose of this work is to provide a range of effective SLIT dosing based upon a rigorous review of the existing evidence base. An appendix with SLIT dosing recommendations is also included.
METHODS: A comprehensive search of the past 25 years of the medical literature using PubMed was performed for specific antigens. Inclusion criteria for articles included: randomized, placebo-controlled studies of SLIT, studies with clinical allergic rhinitis outcomes, and dosing units available to determine the micrograms per month of major allergen administered. The extracted data was used to compile a range of effective SLIT dosing for individual antigens.
RESULTS: Seventy-five articles met the inclusion criteria, providing a range of effective dosing for some allergens. There was commonly a wide range in doses for particular antigens between the individual studies. For some antigens, there was significant overlap in dosage amount between studies showing efficacy and lack of efficacy. Clinical trials meeting inclusion criteria are not available for many allergens.
CONCLUSION: This study provided a comprehensive review of the published sublingual dosing ranges for specific antigens. The review provided a range of effective sublingual doses for some allergens, whereas for other allergens there was insufficient published data to determine specific doses. Recommendations for SLIT dosing were produced based on the data revealed in the review and expert opinion.
Medical Subject Headings
Allergens; Dose-Response Relationship, Immunologic; Humans; Rhinitis, Allergic; Sublingual Immunotherapy