Peleman JR, Tarwade P, Han X, Penning DH, and Craig JR. Hemodynamic Changes with 1:1000 Epinephrine on Wrung-Out Pledgets Before and During Sinus Surgery. Ann Otol Rhinol Laryngol 2020.
The Annals of otology, rhinology, and laryngology
BACKGROUND: Intranasal topical 1:1000 epinephrine has been used safely and effectively for hemostasis during endoscopic sinus surgery (ESS). Prior studies assessing hemodynamic changes after intranasal topical epinephrine application have only used soaking wet cottonoid pledgets, and have only assessed for hemodynamic changes before any surgery being performed.
OBJECTIVE: The purposes of this study were to determine whether intranasal application of topical 1:1000 epinephrine with wrung-out cottonoid pledgets caused significant hemodynamic changes both before and during ESS, and whether it allowed for adequate hemostasis.
METHODS: A prospective evaluation of 30 patients with eosinophilic chronic rhinosinusitis with nasal polyps (CRSwNP) undergoing complete bilateral ESS was conducted. Heart rate, blood pressure (systolic, diastolic, and mean arterial pressure), and electrocardiography changes were recorded at 0, 1, 2, and 5-minute intervals after placing wrung-out epinephrine-saturated pledgets, both before and at the end of ESS. No submucosal epinephrine injections were performed. Estimated blood loss (EBL) and major intraoperative complications were recorded for all cases.
RESULTS: There were no significant hemodynamic changes or electrocardiographic abnormalities after placement of wrung-out epinephrine-soaked pledgets both before and after ESS. After bilateral ESS, there were actually mean decreases in heart rate and blood pressure parameters. Mean EBL was 75.8 ± 32.2 mL, and no major intraoperative complications occurred.
CONCLUSION: Intranasal application of topical 1:1000 epinephrine via wrung-out cottonoid pledgets was effective for intraoperative hemostasis, and did not cause clinically significant alterations in hemodynamic parameters or cardiovascular events, either before or during ESS in patients with CRSwNP.
ePub ahead of print