Loss of Sparc in p53-null Astrocytes Promotes Macrophage Activation and Phagocytosis Resulting in Decreased Tumor Size and Tumor Cell Survival.
Thomas SL, Schultz CR, Mouzon E, Golembieski WA, Naili RE, Radakrishnan A, Lemke N, Poisson LM, Gutierrez JA, Cottingham S, and Rempel SA. Loss of Sparc in p53-null Astrocytes Promotes Macrophage Activation and Phagocytosis Resulting in Decreased Tumor Size and Tumor Cell Survival. Brain Pathol 2015; 25(4):391-400.
Both the induction of SPARC expression and the loss of the p53 tumor suppressor gene are changes that occur early in glioma development. Both SPARC and p53 regulate glioma cell survival by inverse effects on apoptotic signaling. Therefore, during glioma formation, the upregulation of SPARC may cooperate with the loss of p53 to enhance cell survival. This study determined whether the loss of Sparc in astrocytes that are null for p53 would result in reduced cell survival and tumor formation and increased tumor immunogenicity in an in vivo xenograft brain tumor model. In vitro, the loss of Sparc in p53-null astrocytes resulted in an increase in cell proliferation, but a loss of tumorigenicity. At 7 days after intracranial implantation, Sparc-null tumors had decreased tumor cell survival, proliferation and reduced tumor size. The loss of Sparc promoted microglia/macrophage activation and phagocytosis of tumor cells. Our results indicate that the loss of p53 by deletion/mutation in the early stages of glioma formation may cooperate with the induction of SPARC to potentiate cancer cell survival and escape from immune surveillance.
Medical Subject Headings
Animals; Astrocytes; Brain Neoplasms; Cell Line, Tumor; Cell Proliferation; Cerebral Cortex; Genotype; Glioma; Humans; Macrophages; Mice; Mice, Inbred C57BL; Mice, Knockout; Mice, Nude; Osteonectin; Phagocytosis; Rats; Time Factors; Tumor Suppressor Protein p53