Pseudosarcomatous Myofibroblastic Proliferations of the Genitourinary Tract Are Genetically Different from Nodular Fasciitis and Lack USP6, ROS1 and ETV6 Gene Rearrangements

Document Type


Publication Date


Publication Title



AIMS: Pseudosarcomatous myofibroblastic proliferations of the genitourinary tract have a debatable relationship with inflammatory myofibroblastic tumour (generally lacking ALK rearrangement); however, they share several overlapping features with nodular fasciitis of soft tissue. As rearrangement of the USP6 gene has been recently recognised as a recurrent alteration in soft tissue nodular fasciitis, and several other alternative gene fusions have been recently recognised in inflammatory myofibroblastic tumour, the aim of this study was to investigate whether USP6, ROS1 or ETV6 rearrangements were present in these lesions (12 cases).

METHODS AND RESULTS: Fluorescence in-situ hybridisation analysis was performed by the use of bacterial artificial chromosome-derived break-apart probes against USP6, ROS1, and ETV6. Two cases with adequate genetic material from recent paraffin tissue blocks were also tested by use of a solid tumour gene fusion detection assay via next-generation sequencing, targeting >50 known genes involved in recurrent fusions. None of the genitourinary pseudosarcomatous myofibroblastic proliferations was found to harbour USP6 (0/12), ROS1 (0/8) or ETV6 (0/7) rearrangements, and no gene fusions were detected in two cases studied by sequencing.

CONCLUSIONS: Despite overlap in histological and immunohistochemical features between pseudosarcomatous myofibroblastic proliferation and nodular fasciitis, these tumours lack the recently recognised USP6 rearrangements that occur in nodular fasciitis, as well as alternative fusions found in ALK-negative inflammatory myofibroblastic tumours. At present, this diagnosis remains based primarily on clinical, histological and immunohistochemical features.

Medical Subject Headings

Adult; Aged; Aged, 80 and over; Fasciitis; Female; Female Urogenital Diseases; Gene Rearrangement; Granuloma, Plasma Cell; Humans; Male; Male Urogenital Diseases; Middle Aged; Myofibroblasts; Protein-Tyrosine Kinases; Proto-Oncogene Proteins; Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-ets; Repressor Proteins; Ubiquitin Thiolesterase

PubMed ID



ePub ahead of print





First Page


Last Page