Whole-Genome Multi-omic Study of Survival in Patients with Glioblastoma Multiforme.
Bernal Rubio YL, Gonzalez Reymundez A, Wu KH, Griguer CE, Steibel JP, de Los Campos G, Doseff A, Gallo K, and Vazquez AI. Whole-genome multi-omic study of survival in patients with glioblastoma multiforme. G3 (Bethesda) 2018.
Glioblastoma multiforme (GBM) has been recognized as the most lethal type of malignant brain tumor. Despite efforts of the medical and research community, patients' survival remains extremely low. Multi-omic profiles (including DNA sequence, methylation and gene expression) provide rich information about the tumor. These profiles are likely to reveal processes that may be predictive of patient survival. However, the integration of multi-omic profiles, which are high dimensional and heterogeneous in nature, poses great challenges. The goal of this work was to develop models for prediction of survival of GBM patients that can integrate clinical information and multi-omic profiles, using multi-layered Bayesian regressions. We apply the methodology to data from GBM patients from The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA, n = 501) to evaluate whether integrating multi-omic profiles (SNP-genotypes, methylation, copy number variants and gene expression) with clinical information (demographics as well as treatments) leads to an improved ability to predict patient survival. The proposed Bayesian models were used to estimate the proportion of variance explained by clinical covariates and omics and to evaluate prediction accuracy in cross validation (using the area under the Receiver Operating Characteristic curve, AUC). Among clinical and demographic covariates, age (AUC = 0.664) and the use of temozolomide (AUC = 0.606) were the most predictive of survival. Among omics, methylation (AUC = 0.623) and gene expression (AUC = 0.593) were more predictive than either SNP (AUC = 0.539) or CNV (AUC = 0.547). While there was a clear association between age and methylation, the integration of age, the use of temozolomide, and either gene expression or methylation led to a substantial increase in AUC in cross-validaton (AUC = 0.718). Finally, among the genes whose methylation was higher in aging brains, we observed a higher enrichment of these genes being also differentially methylated in cancer.
Medical Subject Headings
Aged; Antineoplastic Agents, Alkylating; Brain Neoplasms; DNA Copy Number Variations; DNA Methylation; Female; Genomics; Glioblastoma; Humans; Male; Middle Aged; Prognosis; Survival Analysis; Temozolomide
ePub ahead of print