Dosimetric predictors for acute esophagitis during radiation therapy for lung cancer: Results of a large statewide observational study.
Paximadis P, Schipper M, Matuszak M, Feng M, Jolly S, Boike T, Grills I, Kestin L, Movsas B, Griffith K, Gustafson G, Moran J, Nurushev T, Radawski J, Pierce L, and Hayman J. Dosimetric predictors for acute esophagitis during radiation therapy for lung cancer: Results of a large statewide observational study. Pract Radiat Oncol 2017; May - Jun;8(3):167-173.
Pract Radiat Oncol
The purpose of this study is to identify dosimetric variables that best predict for acute esophagitis in patients treated for locally advanced non-small cell lung cancer in a prospectively accrued statewide consortium.
METHODS AND MATERIALS:
Patients receiving definitive radiation therapy for stage II-III non-small cell lung cancer within the Michigan Radiation Oncology Quality Consortium were included in the analysis. Dose-volume histogram data were analyzed to determine absolute volumes (cc) receiving doses from 10 to 60 Gy (V10, V20, V30, V40, V50, and V60), as well as maximum dose to 2 cc (D2cc), mean dose (MD), and generalized equivalent uniform dose (gEUD). Logistic regression models were used to characterize the risk of toxicity as a function of dose and other covariates. The ability of each variable to predict esophagitis, individually or in a multivariate model, was quantified by receiver operating characteristic analysis.
There were 533 patients who met study criteria and were included; 437 (81.9%) developed any grade of esophagitis. Significant variables on univariate analysis for grade ≥2 esophagitis were concurrent chemotherapy, V20, V30, V40, V50, V60, MD, D2cc, and gEUD. For grade ≥3 esophagitis, the predictive variables were: V30, V40, V50, V60, MD, D2cc, and gEUD. In multivariable modeling, gEUD was the most significant predictor of both grade ≥2 and grade ≥3 esophagitis. When gEUD was excluded from the model, D2cc was selected as the most predictive variable for grade ≥3 esophagitis. For an estimated risk of grade ≥3 esophagitis of 5%, the threshold values for gEUD and D2cc were 59.3 Gy and 68 Gy, respectively.
In this study, we report the novel finding that gEUD and D2cc, rather than MD, were the most predictive dose metrics for severe esophagitis. To limit the estimated risk of grade ≥3 esophagitis to <5%, thresholds of 59.3 Gy and 68 Gy were identified for gEUD and D2cc, respectively.
Medical Subject Headings
Acute Disease; Aged; Esophagitis; Female; Humans; Lung Neoplasms; Male; Prospective Studies; Radiotherapy Planning, Computer-Assisted