The impact of adjuvant vaginal brachytherapy in women with Stage II uterine endometrioid carcinoma: Results of a National Cancer Database analysis.
PURPOSE: To report survival outcomes in women with Stage II uterine endometrioid carcinoma who received adjuvant radiation therapy (RT) without chemotherapy using the National Cancer Database.
METHODS AND MATERIALS: The National Cancer Database was queried for women with International Federation of Gynecology and Obstetrics Stage II uterine endometrioid carcinoma who underwent hysterectomy followed by adjuvant RT without chemotherapy. The χ
RESULTS: We identified 2681 women. Simple hysterectomy was performed on 2261 women (84%). Adjuvant EBRT, VBT, and combination RT were administered to 27%, 36%, and 37%, respectively. There was a statistically significant difference in OS by modality of adjuvant RT (p = 0.01) favoring women who received VBT alone or in combination with EBRT. The 5-year OS was 80%, 87%, and 83% for women who received EBRT, VBT, and combination RT, respectively (p = 0.001). On multivariate analysis, old age, African-American race, no or fewer number of examined lymph nodes, and higher tumor grade were independent predictors of worse OS. RT modality did not sustain its independent prognostic significance as a predictor of OS.
CONCLUSIONS: In this nationwide hospital-based study of women with International Federation of Gynecology and Obstetrics Stage II uterine endometrioid carcinoma, adjuvant VBT alone provided excellent survival outcomes and may be a reasonable adjuvant RT modality for properly selected women with adequate lymph node dissection and low-grade tumors.
Medical Subject Headings
Adult; Aged; Aged, 80 and over; Brachytherapy; Carcinoma, Endometrioid; Databases, Factual; Endometrial Neoplasms; Female; Humans; Hysterectomy; Middle Aged; Neoplasm Staging; Radiotherapy, Adjuvant; Survival Rate; United States; Vagina