Babar A, Woody NM, Ghanem AI, Tsai J, Dunlap NE, Schymick M, Liu HY, Burkey BB, Lamarre ED, Ku JA, Scharpf J, Prendes BL, Joshi NP, Caudell JJ, Siddiqui F, Porceddu SV, Lee N, Schwartzman L, Koyfman SA, Adelstein DJ, and Geiger JL. Outcomes of Post-Operative Treatment with Concurrent Chemoradiotherapy (CRT) in High-Risk Resected Oral Cavity Squamous Cell Carcinoma (OCSCC): A Multi-Institutional Collaboration. Curr Oncol 2021; 28(4):2409-2419.
Adjuvant chemoradiation (CRT), with high-dose cisplatin remains standard treatment for oral cavity squamous cell carcinoma (OCSCC) with high-risk pathologic features. We evaluated outcomes associated with different cisplatin dosing and schedules, concurrent with radiation (RT), and the effect of cumulative dosing of cisplatin. An IRB-approved collaborative database of patients (pts) with primary OCSCC (Stage I-IVB AJCC 7th edition) treated with primary surgical resection between January 2005 and January 2015, with or without adjuvant therapy, was established from six academic institutions. Patients were categorized by cisplatin dose and schedule, and resultant groups compared for demographic data, pathologic features, and outcomes by statistical analysis to determine disease free survival (DFS) and freedom from metastatic disease (DM). From a total sample size of 1282 pts, 196 pts were identified with high-risk features who were treated with adjuvant CRT. Administration schedule of cisplatin was not significantly associated with DFS. On multivariate (MVA), DFS was significantly better in patients without perineural invasion (PNI) and in those receiving ≥200 mg/m(2) cisplatin dose (p < 0.001 and 0.007). Median DFS, by cisplatin dose, was 10.5 (<200 mg/m(2)) vs. 20.8 months (≥200 mg/m(2)). Our analysis demonstrated cumulative cisplatin dose ≥200 mg/m(2) was associated with improved DFS in high-risk resected OCSCC pts.
Medical Subject Headings
Carcinoma, Squamous Cell; Chemoradiotherapy; Head and Neck Neoplasms; Humans; Neoplasm Staging; Squamous Cell Carcinoma of Head and Neck