MRI-only treatment planning: benefits and challenges.
Owrangi AM, Greer PB, and Glide-Hurst CK. MRI-only treatment planning: benefits and challenges. Phys Med Biol 2018; Feb 26;63(5):05TR01.
Physics in medicine and biology
Over the past decade, the application of magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) has increased, and there is growing evidence to suggest that improvements in the accuracy of target delineation in MRI-guided radiation therapy may improve clinical outcomes in a variety of cancer types. However, some considerations should be recognized including patient motion during image acquisition and geometric accuracy of images. Moreover, MR-compatible immobilization devices need to be used when acquiring images in the treatment position while minimizing patient motion during the scan time. Finally, synthetic CT images (i.e. electron density maps) and digitally reconstructed radiograph images should be generated from MRI images for dose calculation and image guidance prior to treatment. A short review of the concepts and techniques that have been developed for implementation of MRI-only workflows in radiation therapy is provided in this document.
Medical Subject Headings
Humans; Magnetic Resonance Imaging; Neoplasms; Prognosis; Radiotherapy Planning, Computer-Assisted; Radiotherapy, Image-Guided