Does a Dominant Intraprostatic Lesion Boost Require Daily Adaptation when Treated with Stereotactic Online Adaptive MR-Guided Therapy?

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Conference Proceeding

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Int J Radiat Oncol Biol Phys


Purpose/Objective(s): Multiple trials have demonstrated a dose-response relationship for radiation therapy in the treatment of localized prostate cancer. Recent data has also demonstrated a benefit with whole gland stereotactic radiation therapy (SBRT) in conjunction with a simultaneous integrated boost to the dominant intraprostatic lesion (DIL). SBRT with a DIL boost can often increase dose to nearby organs at risk such as the rectum and online adaptive MR guided radiation therapy (MGgRT) may offer a dosimetric and toxicity benefit. Materials/Methods: A prospective database of MRgRT patients was queried for intact prostate cancer patients who received SBRT with a SIB to the DIL. The guideline for adaptation for coverage was to ensure the PTV-prostate coverage at 95% of prescribed dose was greater than 92% or by discretion of the treating physician. Adaptions for organs at risk were made to meet prescription constraints. The number of fractions requiring adaptation to meet organs at risk constraints and/or adequate coverage were reviewed. Results: A total of 26 patients were treated with SBRT with a DIL boost using stereotactic online adaptive MRgRT from 2020 to 2022. 10 of 26 patients were treated for re-irradiation of intact prostate. Out of the 130 fractions delivered, 107 fractions required adaptation (82.3%). 59 fractions were adapted for urethra (45.2%), 48 fractions were adapted for bladder (36.9%), 36 fractions were adapted for rectum (27.7%), 23 fractions were adapted for bladder neck (17.7%), and 19 fractions were adapted for coverage (14.6%). For 53 fractions (40.8 %), adaptation was required for more than one organ at risk. Conclusion: A total of 82.3% of fractions required adaptation for patients treated with SBRT with a DIL boost using stereotactic online adaptive MRgRT. Adaptation occurred most frequently for urethral (45.2%), bladder (36.9%), and rectal constraints (27.7%). Further studies are needed to elucidate if daily adaptive online MRgRT translates to reduced patient toxicity and improved quality of life.





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