Document Type


Publication Date


Publication Title

Journal of nuclear medicine


Most breast cancers express androgen receptors (AR). This prospective imaging sub-study explored imaging AR with (18)F-fluoro-5α-dihydrotestosterone (FDHT)-PET in patients with metastatic breast cancer (MBC) receiving selective AR modulation (SARM) therapy (GTx-024, GTx, Inc). Methods: 11 post-menopausal women with estrogen receptor positive MBC underwent FDHT-PET/CT at baseline, 6, and 12 weeks after starting SARM therapy. Abnormal tumor FDHT uptake was quantified using maximum SUV (SUVmax). AR status was determined from tumor biopsy specimens. FDHT-SUVmax percent change between scans was calculated. Best overall response was categorized as clinical benefit (CB: non-progressive disease [PD]), or PD using RECIST 1.1. Results: Median baseline FDHT-SUVmax was 4.1 (range 1.4-5.9) for AR+ tumors versus 2.3 (range 1.5-3.2) for AR- tumors (p=0.22). Quantitative AR expression and baseline FDHT uptake were weakly correlated (Pearson rho=0.39, p=0.30). Seven participants with CB at 12 weeks tended to have larger declines in FDHT uptake compared to those with PD at both 6 (median decline, range: -26.8%, -42.9 to -14.1% vs. -3.7%, -31% to +29%, respectively, p=0.11) and 12 weeks (median decline, range: -35.7%, -69.5 to -7.7% vs. -20.1%, -26.6% to +56.5%, respectively, p=0.17) after starting GTx-024. Conclusion: This hypothesis-generating data suggests that FDHT-PET/CT is worth further study as an imaging biomarker for evaluating response of MBC to SARM therapy and reiterates the feasibility of including molecular imaging in multidisciplinary therapeutic trials.

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ePub ahead of print



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