Chest Radiographic Appearance of Minimally Invasive Cardiac Implants and Support Devices: What the Radiologist Needs to Know.
Cressman S, Rheinboldt M, Klochko C, Nadig J, and Spizarny D. Chest radiographic appearance of minimally invasive cardiac implants and support devices: What the radiologist needs to know. Curr Probl Diagn Radiol 2019 May - Jun;48(3):274-288.
Current problems in diagnostic radiology
Minimally invasive implantable cardiac devices used in valve repair and replacement, cardiovascular support, and partial chamber and appendageal occlusion represent a burgeoning area of both bioengineering and clinical innovation. In addition to familiarizing the reader with the radiographic appearance of the most commonly utilized and encountered newer devices, this review will also address the relevant clinical and pathophysiological indications for usage and deployment as well as potentially encountered complications.