Sleep and pain in humans with fibromyalgia and comorbid insomnia: double-blind, crossover study of suvorexant 20 mg versus placebo.
Roehrs T, Withrow D, Koshorek G, Verkler J, Bazan L, and Roth T. Sleep and pain in humans with fibromyalgia and comorbid insomnia: double-blind, crossover study of suvorexant 20 mg versus placebo. J Clin Sleep Med 2020; 16(3):415-421.
J Clin Sleep Med
STUDY OBJECTIVES: The chronic pain disorder, fibromyalgia, is associated with sleep disturbance, typically sleep maintenance. No studies have evaluated the effect of sleep medication on pain sensitivity in this population. Suvorexant, an orexin antagonist approved for treatment of insomnia, was evaluated for effects on both sleep and the pain of fibromyalgia.
METHODS: Women age 21 to 65 years with fibromyalgia and comorbid insomnia (n = 10) were treated, double-blind, for 9 nights each with suvorexant, 20 mg and placebo in counterbalanced order. All were in good psychiatric and stable physical health and met American College of Rheumatology 2010 criteria for fibromyalgia and Diagnostic and Statistical Manual for Mental Disorders, Fifth Edition criteria for insomnia. Screening 8-hour polysomnography (PSG) was used to rule out other sleep disorders. On nights 8 and 9 of each treatment 8-hour PSG were collected and on days 1 and 8 pain sensitivity was assessed at 1100 and 1500 hours by measuring finger withdrawal latency (FWL) to a radiant heat stimulus at 5 randomly presented intensity levels.
RESULTS: Suvorexant versus placebo increased total sleep time (7.2 versus 6.7 hours, P < .05) and reduced wake after sleep onset (37 versus 67 minutes, P < .04) with no night effects or interaction. Latency to persistent sleep and sleep stage measures were not altered. FWL on both am and pm tests varied as a function of intensity (P < .001). Average FWL (over 5 intensities and both days) was increased relative to placebo on both the am (13.9 versus 13.1 seconds) and pm tests (15.8 versus 14.1 seconds, P < .03) following suvorexant the previous night.
CONCLUSIONS: Suvorexant 20 mg in patients with fibromyalgia, improved sleep time and reduced next-day pain sensitivity on assessments of FWL to a radiant heat stimulus.