SLeep Education for Everyone Program (SLEEP) Results in Sustained Improvements in Sleep Outcomes at Six Months

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Behavioral sleep medicine


OBJECTIVE: Community-delivered sleep education interventions have been demonstrated to be effective in improving sleep outcomes, but whether these benefits persist once the program ends is not well characterized. This study sought to determine whether the previously reported positive effects attributed to the SLeep Education for Elders Program (SLEEP) were maintained six months after program completion.

METHOD: Nineteen participants were surveyed three times: at baseline, program completion (six weeks), and the six-month post-program timepoint. Sleep outcomes for quality, duration, insomnia symptoms, sleep hygiene behaviors, and excessive daytime sleepiness were assessed using validated surveys, including the Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index (from which duration was also extracted), the Insomnia Severity Index, the Sleep Hygiene Index, and the Epworth Sleepiness Scale.

RESULTS: Longitudinal models adjusted for baseline sleep problems revealed the benefits achieved immediately after the program were retained at six months for sleep quality (estimate: -2.0 (95%CI: -2.7, -1.3)), sleep duration (estimate: 0.9 (95%CI: 0.6, 1.2)), insomnia symptoms (estimate: -3.5 95%CI: (-4.6, -2.3)), and sleep hygiene behaviors (estimate: -2.6 (-4.3, -0.9)).

CONCLUSIONS: These results suggest that a community-delivered sleep education intervention can produce sustained benefits for participants and should be considered as a tool to address uncomplicated sleep issues.

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ePub ahead of print

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